Populism has been vastly present in Croatian media discourse as a common point of reference but it has been almost completely left out from scientific inquiry. Building on the premise that populism is reflected in communication practices of politicians, parties and movements, this paper uses content analysis to examine interviews of the four presidential candidates during election campaign in Croatia in 2014 (first round) and 2015 (second round). We apply a two-level approach to measure populism on two distinct but related levels - as a thin-centered political ideology and as a political communication style. Populism as ideology is examined through the presence of positive references to the people, relationship to political elites and references to ‘dangerous others’.
On 12 October 2014 some 3.2 million Bosnians eligible to vote cast their ballots at the General Elections for their representatives at the state, entity and, in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH), the cantonal level legislatures. Voters also elected the three members of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the President and Vice-presidents of Republika Srpska (RS). A total of 69 political parties competed for legislative assembly seats, while 16 parties nominated their candidates for all levels. In addition to political parties, a number of independent candidates ran for different levels. Significant presence of independent candidates is not a novel occurrence. At the local elections in 2012, a number of mayoral posts went to independent candidates.