The Othering of Returning Migrants in Romania during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Jacopo Sanna
On the night of 10-11 March 2020, several Romanian news outlets filmed and photographed hundreds of vehicles in long queues trying to enter Romania from Hungary at the border in Nădlac. The COVID-19 outbreak that had officially begun a few months earlier in China was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organisation the next day, as it was clear that many countries in Europe and in the rest of the world were starting to be severely affected by the new coronavirus. That was not the case in Romania yet, but the level of alert in the country was rather high, mostly because of the strong links between Romania and Italy, the country that was most affected at the time, with more than 10,000 cases and 631 deaths.

Turkey’s Kin State Policy in the Balkans: The Muslim Community from Dobruja

  • Adriana Cupcea
This article is focused on empirical research of Turkey’s kin state policy in the Muslim community in Dobruja post 1990. It investigates how Turkey has managed to accumulate influence and soft power potential by using its mother-state position to strengthen the community of Muslim Turks and Tatars in Dobruja. The study explains the factors in the community which determined the manifestation of Islamic funda-mentalist actors in this period, and the context in which Turkey stepped in and countered them through its own actors. The main goal of the study is to identify the areas in which the Turkish state acted, through cultural and religious funds and through development assis-tance. It profiles the Turkish state actors in each of these areas.

Unification and Secession: How do Votes in International Organizations influence Cost-benefit Analysis?

  • Alban Lauka
Unification or secession efforts, especially those based on nationalistic principles, have been made continuously since at least the 19th century, but the way states exert their influence on the international arena has undergone major transformations. Could these transformations change the motivation of certain states to unify or that of different regions to secede? What is the benefit of having one or more additional state representatives in international organizations? To answer these questions, this paper examines the importance that voting processes in international organizations can have for the cost/benefit calculations of states or particular regions in their national unification or secession efforts.