Kosovo held well-organised local elections on 17 October 2021. Since 2007, local elections in Kosovo have involved two ballots, one for the municipal assembly (voters should pick only one candidate from an open party list) and another for mayors. On 14 November, mayoral runoffs were held in 21 out of 38 municipalities. These were Kosovo’s seventh democratic municipal assembly elections, and the fifth mayoral elections. Albanian majority municipalities saw very competitive elections, which resulted in a massive victory for the opposition parties. In Serbian majority municipalities, all new mayors came from the Serbian List (Lista Srpska, LS) endorsed by the government of the Republic of Serbia. Only in the small municipality of Kllokot had LS to wait for the runoff to have its candidate confirmed for mayor. In what follows, we first provide the context for these elections, then discuss the results and the factors that contributed to them, and hypothesise on their implications for the nation-building and democratisation processes, including possible transformations in inter-party competition.